NASA | Massive Black Hole Shreds Passing Star

Share it with your friends Like

Thanks! Share it with your friends!

Close

This artist’s rendering illustrates new findings about a star shredded by a black hole. When a star wanders too close to a black hole, intense tidal forces rip the star apart. In these events, called “tidal disruptions,” some of the stellar debris is flung outward at high speed while the rest falls toward the black hole. This causes a distinct X-ray flare that can last for a few years. NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, Swift Gamma-ray Burst Explorer, and ESA/NASA’s XMM-Newton collected different pieces of this astronomical puzzle in a tidal disruption event called ASASSN-14li, which was found in an optical search by the All-Sky Automated Survey for Supernovae (ASAS-SN) in November 2014. The event occurred near a supermassive black hole estimated to weigh a few million times the mass of the sun in the center of PGC 043234, a galaxy that lies about 290 million light-years away. Astronomers hope to find more events like ASASSN-14li to test theoretical models about how black holes affect their environments.
During the tidal disruption event, filaments containing much of the star’s mass fall toward the black hole. Eventually these gaseous filaments merge into a smooth, hot disk glowing brightly in X-rays. As the disk forms, its central region heats up tremendously, which drives a flow of material, called a wind, away from the disk.

Music credit: Encompass by Mark Petrie from Killer Tracks.

This video is public domain and can be downloaded at: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?12005

You can read more about this at: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/chandra/destroyed-star-rains-onto-black-hole-winds-blow-it-back.html

Like our videos? Subscribe to NASA’s Goddard Shorts HD podcast:
http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/iTunes/f…

Or find NASA Goddard Space Flight Center on Facebook:
http://www.facebook.com/NASA.GSFC

Or find us on Twitter:
http://twitter.com/NASAGoddard

Comments

Kingston Sherrod says:

Worst youtube in youtube history seriusly

Pedro Bianchini Pavanello says:

This is animation. Dont have images?

papy nounn says:

Wouaouuuuh :))

Bad Gift says:

pretty sure it's a lot slower than that bois

RyRySmallFry says:

IDK WHY BUT I THOUGHT THIS WAS FAKE FOR A SECOND AND ALSO HOWMANY LIGHT YEARS WAS THIS AWAY FROM OUR PLANET EARTH

Donald Duck says:

its a assassin

scorpiooooh says:

If that were really a black hole you wouldn't have seen light passing straight through it. My children keep a black hole in thier pockets and believe me I know how it works. Each time I give them money nothing ever comes back.

Notime Ripple says:

Could be micro black holes causing ball lightning in atmosphere?

Михаил Ы says:

Да если у той звезды были планеты и на одной из них существовала жизнь. Все в прах. Или нет?

Bim Bim says:

lag,lag,lag,lag,lag,…..tun offf

Mirian Souza says:

Fantastic!! Amazing!!

gabriel Fernandes says:

Black holes and Revelations…

Mac Doodles says:

Some say, NASA replies if you make a witty comment about NASA replying to comments.

bezi bree says:

bravooooooooo

Write a comment

*